The World Health Organization (WHO) is an international organization aimed at improving health worldwide. Signed into force by all UN Member States in 1946, it is one of the UN's longest acting agencies, as well as the first to have all members of the UN join. A specialized agency of the United Nations, it reports its activities to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
Historically, the WHO has dealt with many different aspects of public health, from medical infrastructure to disease prevention. It has enacted programs which assisted governments in improving health services and set international health standards, alongside programs that targeted specific diseases, such as the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.
Preventing and reducing the use of psychoactive substances.
Ensuring safe and legal abortions.
The role of the international community in the protection of human rights in countries with power vacuums.
Protecting Journalistic Freedom.
United Nations Human Rights Council
The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly (UNGA) that is trusted with protecting and promoting human rights worldwide. Established in 2006, it is the General Assembly's newest council, and consists of 47 elected members serving 3-year terms.
To achieve its duties, the council has implemented certain mechanisms. The Universal Periodic Review assesses the human rights conditions in all UN Member States, including those sitting on the council, and the implementation of recommendations made by the Council. A confidential complaint filing procedure exists so as to allow the Council to react to human rights breaches in real time. Moreover, the Council operates a Forum on Minority Issues, which attempts to protect different types of minorities.
Reducing tensions between Turkey and armed Kurdish groups.
Examining the Belt and Road Initiative as a neocolonial phenomenon.
Special Political and Decolonization Committee
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL) is the Forth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). It is tasked with various duties, including reviewing peacekeeping operations, the peaceful uses of outer space, and the effects of atomic radiation. It is also responsible for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA) and for the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and other Arabs of the Occupied Territories.
All 193 UN Member States are members of the Committee.
Limiting the influence of Global Powers on member states.
The role of the European Union as a Super-National entity.
The European Council (EC) is a European Union (EU) body that is comprised of all (currently 28) Heads of State of its Member States. Holding no formal legislative power, the EC nonetheless carries a great amount of influence on the policies of the EU - the EC must unanimously agree on a decision for it to pass; therefore, it represents all the different national governments within it.
The Council discusses a vast variety of European Union issues, including the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), Brexit, the suspension of membership rights of certain Member States and foreign policy of the EU.